The Tennessee Bureau of Investigation published, '
' on Monday, Oct. 7, 2013.
More than 230 shootings in Tennessee involved police officers firing their weapons between 2007 and 2011, according to a study published Monday by the Tennessee Bureau of Investigation.
Officer-involved shootings were exceptionally rare -- 234 were reported by 84 police agencies -- and less common than the 764 incidents in which officers were shot at during those years.
The report, "A Study in Deadly Force and Shooting Incidents," surveys 295 police agencies, summarizes law enforcement discussions across the state and provides interview accounts from officers involved in eight shootings.
It's the first time the TBI has examined deadly force and officer-involved shootings, and the research yielded several recommendations, including better and more frequent training for officers working with people with mental illnesses, techniques for averting a deadly shooting and the use of non-lethal weapons.
"The benefit of frequent, value added training cannot be overemphasized," the report states. "Although many small departments currently engage in cross training with the larger departments in their regions, efforts could be made to increase these opportunities to, 'spread the wealth.' "
Differences between large and small police departments were examined, including the enforcement of shooting-related policies. Less than half of small agencies require counseling for officers after involvement in shootings.
The study looked at the characteristics of officer-involved shootings as reported in response to a TBI survey. Of 396 departments approached, 295 responded.
Officer-involved shootings were most likely to occur on the roads or at residences. Other shootings were recorded at restaurants, in forests, at government buildings, a school, a gas station and parking lots.
A third of incidents happened between 9 p.m. and 3 a.m.