California Chrome did not win Saturday's Belmont Stakes and horse racing has now gone since Affirmed in 1978 without a Triple Crown winner.
Tonalist won Saturday's race as California Chrome finished fourth.
Said California Chrome jockey Victor Espinoza: "I think it was tough for him. He feels good."
Joel Rosario on the winner said "It's great, he did very good today. If I was going to get beat, I hoped it would be by him. (Chrome)."
Before Saturday's race, only 5 of 36 favorites had won the Belmont.
The crowd was estimated at 120,000.
California Chrome, an odds on favorite, was the 13th horse since Affirmed to win the Kentucky Derby and Preakness.
The others: Spectacular Bid, 1979, 3rd in the Belmont; Pleasant Colony, 1981, 3rd; Alysheba, 1987, 4th, Sunday Silence, 1989, 2nd; Silver Charm, 1997, 2nd; Real Quiet, 1998, 2nd; Charismatic, 1999, 3rd; War Emblem, 2002, 8th; Funny Cide, 2003 3rd; Smarty Jones, 2004, 2nd; Big Brown, 2008, DNF; I'll Have Another, 2012, DNR.
The 11 Triple Crown winners: Sir Barton (1919); Gallant Fox (1930); Omaha (1935); War Admiral (1937); Whirlaway (1941); Count Fleet (1943); Assault (1946); Citation (1948); Secretariat (1973); Seattle Slew (1977) and Affirmed (1978)