When Superfund law was first enacted, it was funded in part by taxes on oil and petrochemical companies.
From 1980 to 1985 those taxes created a $1.6 billion trust fund for the Superfund program.
In 1986, that trust fund was increased to $8.5 billion. The taxes expired in 1995.
Now, the program relies on annual appropriations and money from PRPs.
According to the EPA, the Superfund trust fund had $67.1 million as of September 2017.
The EPA said it currently has $3.2 billion in site-specific accounts which are settlement payments from PRPs that can only be used for a specific site.
Additionally, the Superfund program received $1.15 billion from Congress for fiscal year 2018. The program’s proposed budget for fiscal year 2019 is $1.089 billion.
Congress has given less and less to the Superfund program over the years.
According to a 2015 Government Accountability Office report, site cleanup has declined by 37 percent from 1999 to 2013.